Síntesis metodológica para la obtención de caudales ecológicos (Qe), resultados y posibles consecuencias
Consuegra Martínez, Claudio S. M | 2013
The following document deals with the topic of ecological flow, for which the following aspects will be addressed: a description of some calculation experiences executed both in Colombia and internationally, exactly in Costa Rica, Zimbabwe and China; the definitions of ecological flow, some calculation methods and their classification under 4 approaches (hydrological, hydraulic, hydrobiological and holistic), including their advantages and disadvantages; and, finally, the procedures considered generic in the determination of ecological flows. Additionally, a practical application of calculation is shown in which the ecological flow is determined for the La Reserva stream and the Guayabero river located in the Special Management Area of La Macarena (AMEM), in the department of Meta, by means of the IDEAM, of indices with the Curve of Duration of Flows (CDC), and of the wet perimeter. These procedures allow the selection of the ecological flow for 5 defined calculation points (2 for the Guayabero river and 3 for the La Reserva creek). Finally, recommendations are given on what should be done in determining the ecological flow from the calculation application developed and the consequences that the results may bring to the study area.